Metropolitan Manila commonly known as Metro Manila or simply Manila, the National Capital Region (NCR) of the Philippines, is the seat of government and the most populous region of the country which is composed of Manila, the capital city of the country, Quezon City, the country’s most populous city, the Municipality of Pateros, and the cities of Caloocan, Las Piñas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, San Juan, Taguig, and Valenzuela.
The National Capital Region, with an area of 619.5 km2, has a population of 12,877,253, making it the most populous region in the Philippines, as well as the 7th most populous metropolitan area in Asia. The total urbanized area, referring to its continuous urban expansion into the provinces of Bulacan, Cavite, Laguna, Rizal and Batangas, was listed as having a population of 24,123,000 by Demographia, making it the 3rd most populous urban area in the world. These 5 provinces, plus Metro Manila and Pampanga, sum to 30.7 million residents as of the newly counted census of 2015.
The region is the center of culture, economy, education, and government of the Philippines. NCR is one of the 12 defined metropolitan areas in the Philippines according to the National Economic and Development Authority. Designated as a global power city, NCR exerts a significant impact on commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment, both locally and internationally. It is the home to all the consulates and embassies in the Philippines, thereby making it an important center for international diplomacy in the country.
Its economical power makes the region the country’s premier center for finance and commerce. NCR accounts for 37.2% of the gross domestic product of the Philippines.
The region was established in 1975 through Presidential Decree No. 824 in response to the needs to sustain the growing population and for the creation for the center of political power and the seat of the Government of the Philippines.
The Province of Manila, the progenitor to the present-day Metro Manila, is one of the eight original provinces that revolted against the Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines. The province was honored as one of the sun rays in the Flag of the Philippines, with each of the eight sun rays symbolizing one of the eight revolutionary provinces.
The Bureau of Fire Protection National Capital Region provides fire protection and technical rescue as well as emergency medical services to the metropolis. It is broadly organized into five firefighting districts: Manila Fire District, Quezon City Fire District, Fire District II, Fire District III and Fire District IV.
What is BFP? The Bureau of Fire Protection is an agency of the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) responsible for implementing national policies related to Firefighting and Fire Prevention as well as implementation of the Philippine Fire Code (PD 1185), which was repealed and replaced by the New Fire Code of the Philippines (RA 9514). Formerly known as the Integrated National Police-Fire Service, the BFP is in charge of the administration and management of municipal and city fire and emergency services all over the country.
The BFP traces its roots from the defunct Constabulary Fire Protection Bureau, then later PC-INP Office of Fire Protection Service. The agency was founded on January 29, 1991, pursuant to the provisions of Republic Act 6975, which established the Department of Interior and Local Government. The bureau now is in charge of management, administration, and implementation of Fire Code of the Philippines of 2008 (RA 9514) and other related laws, and emergency services all over the country.